Planting garlic bulbs in the backyard would yield generous benefits after some time, read on and see these helpful tips on how and when to plant garlic. This vegetable plant under the onion family is known for its antibacterial properties.Nowadays, garlic can be used for cooking or made into garlic oil, powder and extract.
So how do you grow garlic? It is actually quite easy. If you plant it during the right season, you can produce several bulbs after some time. The great thing about it is the fact that it is tolerant to frost. Beyond the culinary uses and its intense flavor, this “stinking rose” as it is popularly known, is also used as an insect repellant and has been utilized as such for hundreds of years as a well-known home remedy.
Helpful Recommendations – Where and When to Plant Garlic
Planting and growing garlic doesn’t really require too much work, you should be knowledgeable about where and when to plant garlic. After all, it’s the first step to growing healthy plants! When planting, choose well-drained and fertile soil. Raised beds for vegetables are highly recommended because they provide good drainage. Also, choose a location that gets a lot of sun.
According to most gardeners, garlic is best planted in fall. Garlic is also one of the good choices of bulbs to plant in the spring, as soon as the soil is good enough to be planted on. However, for many gardeners, fall planting is highly recommended. It is said that if you plant during the fall, you will be able to produce bigger bulbs and they will turn out more flavorful during harvest time.
If your area gets a hard frost, you can plant garlic a month or two before the frost actually begins. Normally, February or March is the better time. Days before planting, beak apart the cloves from the actual bulb but make sure to keep the husk on every single clove.
Furthermore, keep in mind that the soil should be well-drained with a lot of organic matter and that the spot is sunny. Place the cloves two inches deep and about four inches apart in an upright position (the end should be facing up and the wide root part must be facing down).
Knowing the Parts of the Garlic Plant
Before exploring the different varieties of garlic, you should probably be familiar with the parts of the plant. In the botanical hierarchy, the garlic plant comes from the same family as onion, shallot and leek. Here are the common parts of garlic plant:
- Leaves – When the leaves start to turn brown, that’s the first sign of harvesting season.
- Scape – The scape is the long flower stalk that’s usually enjoyed stir-fried or mixed with salad.
- Bulb – Bulbs are the harvested portions grown below ground.
Different Varieties of Garlic
The different types of garlic can usually be distinguished through the parts. Each type also has its unique qualities.
- Hardneck – Hardneck garlic, also known as the wild type, produces scapes. Some of the hardneck types can be planted in either fall or spring and produce excellent harvest.
- Softneck – Softneck garlic, known for its mild flavor, doesn’t produce flower stalks. This type produces high yield and good crops. The softneck variety is ideal for longer storage time.
There is also another variety called elephant garlic, which are recognizable through their big size. However, this plant is more closely related to leek than to garlic.
Right Time for Planting Garlic
Planting and growing garlic isn’t too much work, but you should first learn the proper ways on how do you grow garlic. Giving them proper space and placing cloves at the right depth is important. This video could be helpful.
Caring for Garlic
In locations prone to overwintering, knowing how do you grow garlic entails mulching heavily with straw. However, the same should be removed during spring, when the frost has already passed. Bear in mind that young shoots do not survive in temperatures below 20OF so it is important to keep them well-covered.
During spring, if there are any flower shoots that will emerge, it is imperative that you cut them off as these may decrease the size of the bulb. As regards weeds, they should not present that much of a problem until spring so just weed as necessary.
Another important tip you should if you want to educate yourself on how do you grow garlic is that it requires adequate nitrogen levels. With this in mind, you should fertilize accordingly, most especially if the leaves start to yellow.
Garlic Pests And Diseases
Problems with garlic plants aren’t very common. However, you might find your precious plant affected by rust, causing red tiny spots in the plant, or white rot,
white rot is a kind of fungus that can attack garlic during the cool weather. There is little to be done when it comes to controlling or preventing this from happening, except by making sure that your crops are rotated and that the area is cleaned up after harvesting.
Though these diseases can be destructive, you can avoid it through crop rotation. Now, here’s another tip on where and when to plant garlic: don’t plant on soil that has been growing an onion family plant for around three years already.
The thing about knowing how do you grow garlic is being aware of the fact that there are very few problems that involve pests (it is a pest repellant actually!), and also less concerns when it comes to diseases which seem to plague other vegetables. White rot seems to be a burden, but it is also important to keep an eye on other pests which affect onions.